Colour Changing Milk | Experiments | Steve Spangler Science

© Copyright 2013 Steve Spangler Science…Written by Steve Spangler

Experiment Materials

  • Milk (whole or 2%)
  • Dinner plate
  • Food colouring (red, yellow, green, blue)
  • Dish-washing soap (Dawn brand works well)
  • Cotton swabs

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Creating an Element Superhero or Villain

villans potassium««« written by Ana Pereira Neves.

Curriculum Connection:

This activity is intended for Grade 9 D/P level courses.

Introduction:In this activity, you will create a poster of a Superhero or Villain based on an element in the periodic table with an atomic number of 20 or less.

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Cartesian Diver Design Challenge – Flinn Scientific Canada


Cartesian divers are great toys that can be used to teach important science concepts. Several variations of Cartesian divers are on the market. Imagine that you and your classmates are members of a research and development team at a toy company and are challenged to design a new 7 Cartesian diver toy. Continue reading

Fantastic Fluorescing Chlorophy Flinn


Watch as chlorophyll transforms from an intense green to a bright red colour as UV light is
absorbed and photons are emitted from the solution.


Chlorophyll is the green pigment essential for photosynthesis. It is found in all plants and readily absorbs light in the range of
600–700 nm. Upon excitation by light, an electron in a chlorophyll molecule is moved to a higher energy level, called an excited
state. The exciting source in this demonstration is the UV black light. In fluorescence, when a light source is shined on a material,
a photon is absorbed. From this excited electronic state, the electron naturally wants to relax back down to the ground
state. As it relaxes back down to the ground state, it emits a photon. If the emitted photon’s wavelength is in the visible portion
of the spectrum, we observe a colourful, glowing effect. Emission of this form is termed fluorescence. This process is practically
instantaneous so the fluorescence is observed as soon as the exciting source is present, and it disappears as soon as the exciting
source is removed. The fluorescent glow is brighter than the colour of the solution seen under normal visible light because
light is being emitted from the solution, not just transmitted through it. When a flashlight is shined directly into the solution,
a slight red fluorescence can be observed around the edges of the flask. This is due to a very small amount of light generated by
the flashlight in a range which will excite the chlorophyll molecules.

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Gummy Bear Wave Machine -Flinn Scientific Canada

Amplify your students’ understanding of wave motion with this captivating demonstration! Using simple materials, students can have significant influence on large-scale variables of frequency, amplitude and wave speed as they observe wave motion through a medium.

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